What Is The Main Purpose Of Environment Protection Act?

What does environmental protection act mean?

The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 authorizes the central government to protect and improve environmental quality, control and reduce pollution from all sources, and prohibit or restrict the setting and /or operation of any industrial facility on environmental grounds..

What are the salient features of environmental protection act?

It confers powers on the Central Government to:Take all necessary measures for protecting the quality of the environment,Co-ordinate actions of States, officers and other authorities under this Act,Plan and execute a nationwide programme for the prevention, control, and abatement of environmental pollution,More items…•

What are the four functions of environment?

Geographers are concerned with the sustainability (or maintenance into the future) of the earth’s environmental functions that support human life and welfare. These functions can be grouped into four main types – source, sink, service and spiritual.

What are the new laws to protect environment?

The six laws related to environmental protection and wildlife are: The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986; The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980; The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972; Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974; Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 and The Indian Forest Act, 1927.

What is the main purpose of environment act?

The Environment (Protection) Act was enacted in the year 1986. It was enacted with the main objective to provide the protection and improvement of environment and for matters connected therewith. The Act is one of the most comprehensive legislations with a pretext to protection and improvement of the environment.

What is the objective of the Environment Protection Authority?

The Authority’s operations are governed by the Environmental Protection Act 1986 which stipulates that the objective of the EPA is to: ‘use its best endeavours – a) to protect the environment; and b) to prevent, control and abate pollution and environmental harm.

What is the purpose of environment?

These are the functions of the environment that support human life and economic activity. The first of these functions is the production of raw materials from the natural resources of soil, water, forests, minerals and marine life (the Earth’s ‘source’ function).

How does an environment support life?

Life-support systems provide all or some of the elements essential for maintaining physical well being, as for example oxygen, nutrients, water, disposal of body wastes, and control of temperature and pressure. … The danger of contaminants and psychological factors must also be considered.

What is the importance of environment studies?

Environment studies is all about learning the way we should live and how we can develop sustainable strategies to protect the environment. It helps individuals to develop an understanding of living and physical environment and how to resolve challenging environmental issues affecting nature.

Why is Environmental Protection Act called umbrella act?

Why is Environmental Protection Act called umbrella act? Environmental protection act 1986 is also the Umbrella act because it provides the framework to the central government in order to make the coordination between different state as well as the central authorities using different act like water act etc.

How does the Environmental Protection Act protect the environment?

Under the Environment Act, the Central Government is empowered to take measures necessary to protect and improve the quality of environment by setting standards for emissions and discharges of pollution in the atmosphere by any person carrying on an industry or activity; regulating the location of industries; …

What is objective of Environmental Protection Act 1986?

Section 15 of the Environmental Protection Act 1986 establishes the objective of the EPA: It is the objective of the Authority to use its best endeavours: a. to protect the environment; and b. to prevent, control and abate pollution and environmental harm.