What Is The Chemical Symbol Of Mercury?

What are 5 interesting facts about mercury?

Facts about MercuryMercury does not have any moons or rings.Mercury is the smallest planet.Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun.Your weight on Mercury would be 38% of your weight on Earth.A day on the surface of Mercury lasts 176 Earth days.A year on Mercury takes 88 Earth days.More items….

How do we get mercury?

Mercury can be made from coal burning power plants and incinerators, as well as, from volcanoes and forest fires. Some common items that contain mercury are: Fluorescent, Metal Halide, high-pressure sodium, mercury vapor, and neon lamps (the problem is not in the use of these mercury lamps but in the disposal).

Why is mercury dangerous?

If mercury vapor is inhaled, it is easily absorbed by the body, where it first gets into the lungs and from there into the blood and the brain. The nerve poison can cause sleep disorders, agitation, and paralysis.

Is mercury used in medicine?

Mercury and its compounds have been used in medicine, although they are much less common today than they once were, now that the toxic effects of mercury and its compounds are more widely understood.

What is mercury used for today?

Today, mercury is used for the manufacture of industrial chemicals and for electrical and electronic applications. It can be found in meteorological equipment like thermometers and barometers. Gaseous mercury is used in mercury-vapor lamps which light highways at night.

Is Mercury a poison?

Health effects of mercury exposure Elemental and methylmercury are toxic to the central and peripheral nervous systems. The inhalation of mercury vapour can produce harmful effects on the nervous, digestive and immune systems, lungs and kidneys, and may be fatal.

Is Mercury a disinfectant?

Mercury is a fairly unreactive metal and is highly resistant to corrosion. When heated to near its boiling point (346.72 deg C/675 deg F), mercury oxidizes in air, and mercuric oxide is formed. … It is now used as a disinfectant, in preparing other mercury compounds, and in antifungal skin ointments.

Why is Mercury so important?

As a good conductor of electricity, mercury is often used in many products such as switches and batteries. It is used to amalgamate gold and silver in small scale mining activities because it readily combines with other metals.

What things have mercury in them?

List of Common Consumer Products that Contain MercuryAntiques. Some antiques such as barometers, clock pendulums, mirrors, vases and organs contain mercury. … Appliances. … Automotive parts. … Barometers. … Batteries. … Dental amalgam. … Electronics. … Jewelry.More items…•

What is the symbol of mercury in chemistry?

HgMercury (Hg), also called quicksilver, chemical element, liquid metal of Group 12 (IIb, or zinc group) of the periodic table.

Who discovered mercury element?

We do not know who discovered it. Mercury was known to the ancient Chinese, Egyptians and Hindus and has been found in Egyptian tombs dating back to about 1500 B.C. In the fourth century B.C. we find Aristotle refers to mercury in writing as ‘hydro-argyros’ – which translates as liquid-silver or water-silver.

Can you touch mercury?

It’s never safe to touch mercury. Mercury is the only metal that is liquid at room temperature. … In its liquid metal form, mercury absorbs instantly into the skin; but it also has an extremely high vapor pressure, so an open container of mercury disperses the metal into the air.

Who named Mercury?

Like all the planets, Mercury is named after one of the Roman gods, which were based on the gods worshipped by the Ancient Greeks. The Roman god Mercury was the son of Maia Maiestas and Jupiter in Roman mythology, and most of his aspects were based on the Greek god Hermes.

Where is mercury found naturally?

Mercury is a naturally-occurring chemical element found in rock in the earth’s crust, including in deposits of coal. On the periodic table, it has the symbol “Hg” and its atomic number is 80.

What is mercury chemical formula?

The symbol Hg that mercury is known by comes from its Greek name, hydrargyrum, which means “liquid silver” — to reflect its shiny surface. The element is also known as quicksilver for its mobility.