Quick Answer: Who Are The Best Philosophers?

Who were the 3 main philosophers?

The Big Three of Greek Philosophy: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.

Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BC and lasted through the Hellenistic period (323 BC-30 BC)..

Who were the 7 thinkers?

Seven thinkers and how they grew: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz; Locke, Berkeley, Hume; Kant (Chapter 6) – Philosophy in History.

Who was the father of philosophy?

Socrates of AthensSocrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.

What is Plato’s philosophy?

Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.

What is mean philosophy?

Philosophy (from Greek: φιλοσοφία, philosophia, ‘love of wisdom’) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. … Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation.

Who is the best philosopher of all time?

IntroductionPlato (428-348 BCE)Aristotle (384-322 BCE)Kant (1724-1804)Hume (1711-1776)Descartes (1596-1650)Socrates (469-399 BCE)Wittgenstein (1889-1951)Locke (1632-1704)More items…•

Who were the 5 Enlightenment thinkers?

Enlightenment philosophers John Locke, Charles Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau all developed theories of government in which some or even all the people would govern. These thinkers had a profound effect on the American and French revolutions and the democratic governments that they produced.

Who is the most influential thinker of the Enlightenment?

John LockeJohn Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers, especially concerning the development of political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, but most importantly, the American revolutionaries.

Who is Socrates teacher?

Socrates wrote nothing. All that is known about him has been inferred from accounts by members of his circle—primarily Plato and Xenophon—as well as by Plato’s student Aristotle, who acquired his knowledge of Socrates through his teacher.

Who are the best philosophers today?

10 Contemporary Philosophers to Read TodayMartha Nussbaum (b. 1947) In a field severely dominated by men, even more so than hardcore sciences, Martha Nussbaum compensates for this in two ways. … Slavoj Žižek (b. 1949) … Judith Butler (b. 1956) … Thomas Nagel (b. 1937)

Which country has the best philosophers?

What Western Country Has Produced The Greatest Philosophers?Greece (Parmenides, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle) … Germany (Leibniz, Kant, Nietzsche, Frege, Marx, Heidegger, Hegel) … France (Descartes, Rousseau, Sartre, Beauvoir, Camus, Pascal, Foucault) … Britain (Bacon, Hobbes, Locke, Russell, Newton, Bentham, Mill) … US (Pierce, Quine, Dennett, Nagel, Rawls, King Jr.) … Votes: 0 0.0%More items…•

What is the mother of philosophy?

Thomas Hobbes – LeisureThomas Hobbes – Leisure is the Mother of Philosophy.

Who is the first philosopher?

Aristotle defined wisdom as knowledge of certain principles and causes (Metaph. 982 a2-3). He commenced his investigation of the wisdom of the philosophers who preceded him, with Thales, the first philosopher, and described Thales as the founder of natural philosophy (Metaph.

Who are the famous Greek philosophers?

The Socratic philosophers in ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These are some of the most well-known of all Greek philosophers. Socrates (470/469–399 B.C.E.) is remembered for his teaching methods and for asking thought-provoking questions.

Who came first Plato or Socrates?

Socrates came first, and Plato was his student, around 400 BC. The Athenians voted to kill Socrates in 399 BC.

Did Plato and Aristotle know each other?

Socrates was Plato’s teacher, Aristotle learned at Plato’s Academy, and Aristotle was the well-paid tutor of Alexander the Great. In other words, the famous Greek philosophers and the famous Greek philosopher-king (of sorts) all had a student-teacher relationship.